What if San Francisco’s housing stock could wear another layer of residential development?
Street view of Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Units ADU, worn as fashion accessories by existing houses
San Francisco has a density problem. Typical solutions revolve around high-rise, high-cost models that often require the displacement of existing structures. A solution may be found in accessorizing. The iconography and trend culture of the fashion industry should be appropriated by architecture, to usurp the NIMBY attitude of San Franciscans with one of couture aspirations and status symbols with a hidden public good. This proposal aims to re-contextualize the ADU from the “Granny Suite” or Coach House to that of a new fashion for the single family home. Like the designer hat or sunglasses that provide a low-cost entry to the fashion houses, Accessory Dwelling Units may provide an accessible avenue to add housing to areas of the city where
multi-unit construction is not appropriate.

The Accessory Dwelling is represented here by three extra-small house typologies, to apply to a wide range of San Francisco house types. The Fascinator, a roguish street facing walk-up employs a shifting floor plane and floating volume that contains the sleeping space. The more discreet, backyard facing Cap unit is characterized by two volumes that shift against each other to define private and social spaces. The street-level Kicks is an accessible unit with operable front facade, that “plugs” into a typical single car garage. The variety of types and forms offer a range of fashion choices through which to re-frame the ADU from a discreet extension or source of supplemental income to a status symbol.

Fascinator | Street-Facing Walk-up Accessory Dwelling Unit
Fascinator Accessory Dwelling unit is worn like a hat by the existing house

fascinator walk-up | isometric oblique

fashion photo

Isometric view of Fascinator Accessory Dwelling unit is worn like a hat by the existing house

isometric

Isometric cutaway view of Fascinator Accessory Dwelling unit is worn like a hat by the existing house

isometric cutaway

plan
plan
elevation
elevation
section
section
Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU Interior view with shifted ground plane, lofted bed, living and dining space, and bathroom.

interior perspective

Cap | Rear-Facing Walk-up Accessory Dwelling Unit
Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU is worn like a hat by the existing house

cap walk-up | isometric oblique

Kirill Voronin by Ksenia Cheremnova for ERROR404 Fall/Winter 2016

Isometric view: Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU is worn like a hat by the existing house

isometric

Isometric cutaway view: Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU is worn like a hat by the existing house

isometric cutaway

plan
plan
elevation
elevation
section
section
Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU Interior view showing lofted bed, living and dining space, and operable facade with curtain.

interior perspective

Isometric diagram: Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU is composed of two shifted gabled volumes, and a spiral stair

diagram | shifting interior and exterior volumes

Isometric diagram: Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU is composed of two shifted gabled volumes, and a spiral stair

diagram | shifting interior and exterior volumes

Kicks | Accessible Street-Facing Accessory Dwelling Unit

elevation oblique

sneaker advertisement, Nike Air Force 1

isometric cutaway

plan

section, showing living and dining space, sleeping, and bathroom

section, showing bathroom, closets and kitchen

Tiny House Accessory Dwelling Unit ADU Interior view shows accessible unit circulation path, living space, sleeping area and bathroom

accessible unit, interior perspective

The Current Housing Stock Has Room To Grow
San Francisco’s housing stock consists of around 400,000 units, with demand vastly outstripping supply, yet a mere 141 Accessory Dwelling Units were added In 2018.1 There is a vast cityscape of untapped potential. Accessory Dwellings could increasing housing stock by 25%-30%, with the dual benefits of offsetting housing costs for homeowners, while the increased supply would drive down the cost of housing. For the typical homeowner, the relative decrease in home value may be offset by the value added through accessorizing. Accessorizing larger, multi-unit developments would further expand the potential of this strategy.
Diagram showing the potential to add 124,000 units of housing to San Francisco, a potential 30% increase in available housing stock

Diagram | The potential exists to increase the housing stock by 30%

Red = Single Family/Duplex Only
Red = Single Family/Duplex Only
typical multi-family development
typical multi-family development
atomized into dwellings
atomized into dwellings
deployed over the city
deployed over the city
Sources:
1. San Francisco Planning Department. 2018 San Francisco Housing Inventory.
2. Glock, Judge. “How to Make San Francisco Neighborhoods Stop Worrying and Love Housing.” Medium, Cicero News, 23 Apr. 2020, medium.com/cicero-news/how-to-make-san-francisco-neighborhoods-stop-worrying-and-love-housing-11930da744ce.
3. Zoning Laws Make It Illegal To Build Apartments In Most Of The City, sfzoning.deapthoughts.com/.

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